Health Benefits

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Ayurveda - the Indian Vedic text of medicine written in the 1st century mentions the use of this versatile spice “Ela”, what we call today as cardamom, as a cure for many diseases. The immense power of an Indian Cardamom to detoxify our body from the effects of many types of mucous forming food is just one of its attractions. Regular use of cardamom removes the accumulated toxins and enhances blood circulation. Studies show that cineole and terpenyl acetate – two major constituents in Indian Natural Green Cardamom have very high therapeutic values.

Cineole is known to have anesthetic, anti-allergic, anti-bacterial, anti-bronchitic and antiseptic properties while terpenyl acetate makes Indian Cardamom appealing to the taste buds. Further, the high amount of total phenolic increases its free radical scavenging activity, making it a useful detoxifying agent. The higher flavonoids in Indian Cardamoms also act as cardiac stimulants & diuretic antioxidants. An analysis of phenolic and flavonoids in Indian Cardamom published in August 1998 in Journal of the Association of Physicians in India rated the antioxidant properties of cardamom at medium levels of 50-100 mg per serving.

Indian Cardamom is high in proteins and vital vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, vitamin A, B and C and also an excellent source of minerals. Indian Cardamom improves appetite and is also a powerful carminative and digestive – making it a perfect mouth freshener that eliminates bad breath. Simultaneously, cardamom seeds are the basis of medicinal preparations for indigestion and flatulence relieving gas and heartburn and improve the process of metabolism in our stomach. Cardamom is also beneficial in the treatment of sexual dysfunctions and helps increase the secretion and discharge of urine. Many herbalists even say that cardamom with a little honey improves eyesight.

It is said that a cup of hot cardamom tea should be consumed when you have a headache or a respiratory tract infection such as cold & cough. It simply rejuvenates and refresh. Gargling with a blend of cardamom and cinnamon effectively cures a sore throat and hoarseness during the infective stage of influenza. Make Emperor Akbar Indian Natural Green Cardamoms a part of your daily diet.

Start shopping for Emperor Akbar Cardamoms today!

There’s more.. The Spices Board had entrusted a project with the National Institute of Inter Disciplinary Science and Technology (formerly known as RRL, Trivandrum) on medicinal and Health aspects of Cardamom.

Major findings of the study are

  1. Among the four varieties of cardamom studied (Malabar, Mysore, Vazhukka & Guatemala) higher seed ratio of the Malabar variety is of great commercial significance.  
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    Seeds Ratio

    The Seeds to Husk Ratio and Moisture content of the Four grades of Cardamom were analysed. The results are shown in the table below:

    Cardamom Variety

    Seed to Husk Ratio

    Moisture Content

    Malabar

    76:24

    9%

    Vazhukka

    70:30

    11%

    Mysore

    62:38

    10.33%

    Guatemala

    66:34

    10.33%

  2. All the Indian varieties have significantly higher amounts of terpenyl acetate, the highest being in the Malabar & Vazhukka variety. terpenyl acetate is responsible for the flowery smell of cardamom & higher percentages of this constituent are desirable. This component has shown greater penetration enhancer for the diffusion of prednisolone through mouse skin in vitriol.  
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    Constituents

    % Composition

    Malabar

    Vazhukka

    Mysore

    Guatemala

    Athujene

    0.18

    0.13

    0.14

    0.08

    a-Pinene

    1.37

    1.09

    1.11

    0.60

    Sabinene

    4.27

    3.14

    3.40

    2.09

    b-myrcene

    2.5

    1.7

    1.88

    1.31

    d3-carene

    0.40

    0.33

    0.38

    0.26

    D-limonene

    3.51

    2.72

    2.63

    0.24

    Cineol

    28.82

    32.11

    32.79

    27.88

    g-terpinene

    0.38

    0.25

    0.46

    0.23

    Cis-sabinene hydrate

    0.28

    0.25

    0.26

    0.32

    Terpinolene

    0.27

    0.17

    0.28

    0.17

    Linalool

    0.49

    0.50

    0.53

    6.17

    b-terpineol

    0.22

    0.37

    0.21

    0.25

    Terpinene-4-ol

    1.52

    1.67

    1.84

    1.98

    Octyl Acetate

    0.09

    0.16

    0.16

    0.12

    a-Terpineol

    1.81

    1.55

    3.11

    4.06

    Linalyl acetate

    0.37

    0.55

    0.21

    1.77

    Verbeneol

    0.19

    0.24

    0.40

    0.44

    Geraniol

    1.14

    1.19

    0.98

    1.68

    Geranial

    0.39

    0.35

    0.62

    0.66

    Ocimenol

    0.37

    0.47

    0.19

    0.26

    Terpenyl Acetate

    44.65

    43.99

    44.00

    41.57

    Neryl Acetate

    0.89

    0.91

    1.06

    1.09

    3-decen-2-ol

    0.23

    -

    0.12

    0.05

    Cis-dodec-5 enol

    0.05

    -

    0.03

    1.05

    Cedrene

    0.07

    0.05

    0.05

    0.17

    Eudesmene

    0.79

    0.64

    0.20

    0.16

    b-caryophyllene

    0.31

    0.23

    0.80

    0.09

    Nerolidol

    0.72

    0.65

    0.44

    0.97

    ZE-farnesol

    0.09

    -

    0.08

    0.18

  3. The linalool content in Guatemalan Cardamom is significantly higher. Linalool is reported to have several toxicological properties and reported in acute oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity.
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    Constituents

    % Composition

    Malabar

    Vazhukka

    Mysore

    Guatemala

    Athujene

    0.18

    0.13

    0.14

    0.08

    a-Pinene

    1.37

    1.09

    1.11

    0.60

    Sabinene

    4.27

    3.14

    3.40

    2.09

    b-myrcene

    2.5

    1.7

    1.88

    1.31

    d3-carene

    0.40

    0.33

    0.38

    0.26

    D-limonene

    3.51

    2.72

    2.63

    0.24

    Cineol

    28.82

    32.11

    32.79

    27.88

    g-terpinene

    0.38

    0.25

    0.46

    0.23

    Cis-sabinene hydrate

    0.28

    0.25

    0.26

    0.32

    Terpinolene

    0.27

    0.17

    0.28

    0.17

    Linalool

    0.49

    0.50

    0.53

    6.17

    b-terpineol

    0.22

    0.37

    0.21

    0.25

    Terpinene-4-ol

    1.52

    1.67

    1.84

    1.98

    Octyl Acetate

    0.09

    0.16

    0.16

    0.12

    a-Terpineol

    1.81

    1.55

    3.11

    4.06

    Linalyl acetate

    0.37

    0.55

    0.21

    1.77

    Verbeneol

    0.19

    0.24

    0.40

    0.44

    Geraniol

    1.14

    1.19

    0.98

    1.68

    Geranial

    0.39

    0.35

    0.62

    0.66

    Ocimenol

    0.37

    0.47

    0.19

    0.26

    Terpenyl Acetate

    44.65

    43.99

    44.00

    41.57

    Neryl Acetate

    0.89

    0.91

    1.06

    1.09

    3-decen-2-ol

    0.23

    -

    0.12

    0.05

    Cis-dodec-5 enol

    0.05

    -

    0.03

    1.05

    Cedrene

    0.07

    0.05

    0.05

    0.17

    Eudesmene

    0.79

    0.64

    0.20

    0.16

    b-caryophyllene

    0.31

    0.23

    0.80

    0.09

    Nerolidol

    0.72

    0.65

    0.44

    0.97

    ZE-farnesol

    0.09

    -

    0.08

    0.18

  4. The two Indian varieties, namely, Malabar (0.213%) and Vazhukka (0.21%) have the highest amount of Phenolic, which translates into the highest reducing power and higher free radical scavenging activity.  
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    Phenolic Contents of Cardamom Seed (% on dwb)

    Extract Taken

    Malabar

    Mysore

    Vazhukka

    Guatemala

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Hexane

    0.016

    1.22

    0.036

    2.67

    0.016

    1.30

    0.010

    0.65

    DCM

    0.0121

    5.23

    0.018

    7.65

    0.014

    4.04

    0.012

    4.37

    Ethyl Acetate

    0.046

    18.56

    0.037

    14.93

    0.045

    12.38

    0.036

    12.89

    Methanol

    0.075

    2.75

    0.059

    2.65

    0.077

    2.72

    0.071

    2.59

    Water

    0.064

    1.21

    0.014

    0.289

    0.058

    1.09

    0.047

    0.82

    Total

    0.213

    28.97

    0.164

    28.19

    0.210

    21.53

    0.176

    21.32

  5. The total flavinoid content in Malabar variety is the highest (0.159%). The amount of flavonoids serves as an important index for evaluating the biological activity. Flavinoid have been reported to act as a cardiac stimulant, diuretic and deoxidant.  
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    Total Flavinoid Content of Cardamom Seeds (% on dwb)

    Extract Taken

    Malabar

    Mysore

    Vazhukka

    Guatemala

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Powder

    Extract

    Hexane

    0.022

    1.68

    0.017

    1.33

    0.013

    1.01

    0.023

    1.53

    DCM

    0.025

    6.39

    0.022

    10.23

    0.021

    5.91

    0.028

    10.10

    Ethyl Acetate

    0.027

    10.96

    0.015

    6.19

    0.023

    6.25

    0.021

    7.45

    Methanol

    0.071

    2.61

    0.025

    1.147

    0.070

    2.48

    0.036

    1.32

    Water

    0.014

    0.26

    0.011

    0.23

    0.010

    0.17

    0.024

    0.42

    Total

    0.159

    21.9

    0.090

    19.127

    0.137

    15.82

    0.132

    20.82

  6. Malabar variety has recorded higher antioxidant activity and could be positively considered with its total phenolic and flavonoid content in its seeds and seed extracts.  
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    DPPH Activities of Cardamom Seed Powder (Ic50 mg/3ml 0.1mm DPPH)

    The Ethyl Extract of Malabar cardamom have the lowest Ic50 values which indicate highest DPPH activity.
    The table below shows Ic50 values for different Cardamom samples in their extract in different solvents. Lower Ic50 values of Malabar indicate the greater radical scavenging activity

    Sample

    Malabar

    Mysore

    Vazhukka

    Guatemala

    Hexane Extract

    ND

    ND

    ND

    ND

    DCM Extract

    ND

    ND

    ND

    ND

    Ethyl Acetate Extract

    88.7

    293

    186

    223

    Methanol Extract

    533.7

    1056

    1108.9

    1513.7

    Water Extract

    ND

    ND

    ND

    ND

  7. The high anti-oxidant properties of Malabar cardamom particularly of the ethyl acetate fraction is important for its scientific and medicinal benefits.