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Indian Cardamom Quality Specifications are accepted by most trading nations. They have been regularised and standardised over the years. The Quality standards of Indian Cardamom are in addition to the standards set by the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006.

Grade designations and quality of Cardamom Whole Capsules

Grade Designation Quality
Special Characteristics
Organic extraneous matter %(m/m) Inorganic extraneous matter %(m/m) Empty and malformed capsules percent by count Immature and shrivelled capsules %(m/m) Blacks and splits percent by count Mass in g/l Moisture %(m/m) Total ash %(m/m) Volatile oil %(ml/ 100 gm)
Max. Max. Max. Max. Max. Min. Max. Max. Max.
Special 1.0 0.5 2.0 2.0 Nil 435 11.0 8.0 3.5
Standard 2.0 1.0 5.0 5.0 10.0 385 12.0 9.5 3.0
 

General Characteristics

  1. Cardamom capsules shall be dried, nearly ripened fruits of Elettaria Cardamom (L.)
  2. Capsules shall be oblong in shape with a rounded part or three comered and having ribbed appearance.
  3. Capsules shall be well formed and contain sound seeds.
  4. Capsules shall have characteristic odour and shall be free from foreign odours or flavours, including those of rancidity and mustiness.
  5. The colour of the capsules may be light green, green, deep Green or pale brownish. Capsules shall be packed according to the colour group and it shall be indicated on the label. At least 95 per cent of the capsule shall correspond to the respective colour group.
  6. In addition to grade, cardamom may be marked as described below. This marking shall be done only when the product is produced only in the particular area.
    1. Alleppey Green Extra Bold (AGEB) when retained on sieve having holes of diameter 7.0 mm.
    2. Coorg Green Extra Bold (CGEB) when retained on sieve having holes of disameter 8.0 mm.
    3. Alleppy Green Bold (AGB) when retained on sieve having holes of diameter 6.0 mm.
    4. Coorg Green Bold (CGB) when retained on sieve having holes of diameter 7.5 mm.
    5. Alleppey Green Superior (AGS) when retained on sieve having holes of diameter 5.0 mm.
    6. Coorg Green Superior (CGS) when retained on sieve having holes of diameter 6.0 mm.
  7. Capsules shall be free from added colouring matter.
  8. It shall be free from mould growth and living insects and practically free from dead insects, insect fragments and rodent contamination.
  9. It shall comply with restrictions in regard to Aflatoxins, Metallic Contaminants Insecticide or Pesticide residue, Poisonous metals, naturally occuring contaminants. Microbial load and the like as specified by the Codex Alimentaries Commission or as per buyers requirements for export purposes and the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006.

Definitions

  1. “Blacks” includes capsules which are blackish to black in colour.
  2. “Empty and Malformed capsules” means capsules which have no seeds or are scantilly filled with seeds.
  3. “Immature and Shrivelled capsules” means capsules which are not fully developed.
  4. “Inorganic extraneous matter” includes stones, dust, earth or any other inorganic foreign matter.
  5. “Organic extraneous matter” includes pieces of Calyx, stalk and foreign matter of plant origin.
  6. “Splits” includes capsules which are open at comers for more than half the length.

Note Volatile oil content shall be determined on seeds obtained from the capsules.

Grade designations and quality of Cardamom Whole Capsules

Grade Designation Quality
Special Characteristics
Organic extraneous matter %(m/m) Light seeds %(m/m) Mass in g/l Moisture %(m/m) Total ash %(m/m) Volatile %(ml/100 gm)
Max. Max. Min. Max. Max. Min.
Special 0.5 2.0 675 11.0 7.0 3.5
Standard 1.5 5.0 625 13.0 8.0 3.0
 

General Characteristics

  1. It shall be seeds obtained by separating the seeds from the capsules of Elettaria Cardamom (L.)
  2. Cardamom seeds shall have characteristic odour and shall be free from foreign odour of flavour including those of rancidity and mustiness.
  3. Cardamom seeds shall be free from inorganic extraneous matter and added colouring matter.
  4. It shall be free from mould growth and living insects and practically free from dead insects, insect fragments and rodent contamination.
  5. It shall comply with restrictions in regard to Aflatoxins, Metallic Contaminants Insecticide or Pesticide residue, Poisonous metals, naturally occurring contaminants, Microbial load and the like as specified by the Codex Alimentarius Commission or as per buyers requirements for export purposes and the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006.

Definitions

  1. “Light Seeds” includes seeds brown or red in colour and immature and shrivelled seeds.
  2. “Organic Extraneous matter” includes calyx pieces, stalk bits and any other foreign matter of plant origin.